What is Cryptocurrency: The Ultimate Guide for Beginners

What is Cryptocurrency: The Ultimate Guide for Beginners

Are you curious about the world of cryptocurrency but don't know where to start? Look no further! In this beginner's guide, we'll walk you through everything you need to know before buying your first digital asset. From understanding blockchain technology to choosing a reputable exchange, we've got all the tips and tricks you need to confidently enter the exciting world of crypto investing.

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So grab your notepad and get ready to learn how to buy cryptocurrency like a pro!

What is crypto?

A cryptocurrency is a digital or virtual asset in which transactions are verified and maintained by a decentralized system using cryptography, a blockchain technology. Cryptocurrencies are decentralized, meaning they are not subject to government or financial institution control.

Blockchain technology is a decentralized ledger that records all transactions. Blockchain is secure by design and is an example of a distributed ledger technology (DLT). Cryptocurrencies are tokens that use cryptography to secure their transactions and to control the creation of new units. Cryptography is used to protect communications between users and to control the creation of new units of a particular cryptocurrency.

Bitcoin, the first and most well-known cryptocurrency, was created in 2009 by an anonymous person or group of people known as Satoshi Nakamoto. Bitcoin is often called a digital or virtual currency because it does not have a physical form. BTC is the native token of the Bitcoin network and is used to pay transaction fees and miners. Bitcoin can be bought and sold on exchanges, can be used to purchase goods and services, and can be sent from one person to another.

If you had invested $100 in Bitcoin in 2009 and bought 1,000 bitcoins, it could have been worth $48 million 10 years later…..

Millions in gains

Ethereum, the second-largest cryptocurrency by market capitalization, was created in 2015 by Vitalik Buterin. Ethereum is a decentralized platform that runs smart contracts: applications that run exactly as programmed without any possibility of fraud or third-party interference.

Why does Crypto still have a stigma?

Cryptocurrencies have been associated with a variety of illegal activities, including money laundering, drug trafficking, and ransomware. This has led to a negative perception of cryptocurrencies among the general public. Additionally, many people are still unfamiliar with how cryptocurrencies work, which can make them hesitant to invest in them.


The lack of regulation in the cryptocurrency space also contributes to its stigma, as some people may be worried about scams or fraud. Furthermore, stories of dramatic price swings can make people wary of investing in cryptocurrencies. Finally, the fact that cryptocurrencies are decentralized and not backed by any government or central bank has alarmed some potential investors.

Crypto Investing

Cryptocurrencies are often associated with illegal activity due to their anonymous nature. However, just because something is anonymous does not make it illegal. Cryptocurrencies are legal in most jurisdictions, although there are a few exceptions.

Price Waterhouse Coppols (PwC) created a global cryptocurrency regulation report in 2023 which outlines the current crypto regulations and where each country is heading 1PwC global cryptocurrency regulation report https://www.pwc.com/gx/en/new-ventures/cryptocurrency-assets/pwc-global-crypto-regulation-report-2023.pdf

Where is the crypto law heading?

As the popularity of crypto grows, so does the need for regulation. Governments are starting to take notice of the potential of cryptocurrency and are working on creating laws and regulations to govern its use.

There is still a lot of uncertainty when it comes to cryptocurrency law. It's an emerging area of law that is constantly evolving, and it can be difficult to keep up with the latest developments. However, there are a few general trends that we can observe.

  • One trend is that governments are starting to recognize cryptocurrency as a legitimate asset class. This is evidenced by the increasing number of countries that are introducing regulations around ICOs and crypto exchanges.
  • Another trend is that government agencies are starting to take action against entities that violate crypto laws. For example, in 2018, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) shut down two ICOs that were found to be violating securities laws 2U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) shut down two ICOs that were found to be violating securities lawshttps://www.sec.gov/news/press-release/2018-264.
  • What about country-specific laws? 3PwC Global Crypto Regulation https://www.pwc.com/gx/en/new-ventures/cryptocurrency-assets/pwc-global-crypto-regulation-report-2023.pdf
    • The European Union is at the advanced stages of finalising the new Markets in Crypto-Assets Regulation.
    • In the United Arab Emirates, Dubai authorities are setting up the world’s first authority solely focusing on virtual assets.
    • Switzerland has integrated one of the most mature regulatory frameworks for digital assets, allowing market participants to gain certainty on the legal and regulatory treatment of their projects and intended
      activities
Crypto regulationsCountry-by-country breakdown

It's still too early to say definitively where cryptocurrency law is heading. However, it's clear that governments are taking an increasingly active role in shaping the legal landscape around crypto. As more countries start to regulate the space, we can expect to see more clarity around what is legal and what isn't.

Crypto common terms and definitions

Blockchain: In simple terms, a blockchain is a system that records information in a way that makes it difficult to alter, hack, or cheat it. A blockchain is essentially a digital ledger of transactions that are duplicated and distributed across the entire network of computer systems on the blockchain.

Cryptocurrency: Cryptocurrencies are decentralized – they aren’t subject to government or financial institution control. They are digital or virtual assets designed to work as a medium of exchange and can be used to purchase goods or services.

Crypto Exchange: A crypto exchange is an online platform that allows users to buy and sell cryptocurrencies

Digital Currency: A digital currency is a type of currency that is available in digital form. This means that it can be stored on a computer or other electronic device, and can be transferred electronically.Digital currencies are different from traditional fiat currencies, which are based on physical commodities such as gold or silver. 

Digital Wallet: A digital wallet is a software-based system that enables users to make electronic transactions. It uses encryption to secure the information and can store either fiat currency or cryptocurrency. A digital wallet can be used to store, send, and receive funds, as well as to track spending and manage finances. Generally, a digital wallet is linked to a user's bank account or credit card and can be used to conduct transactions online, in-store, or via mobile devices.

Fiat Currency: A fiat currency is a government-issued currency that is not backed by a physical commodity, such as gold or silver. The value of a fiat currency is based on the faith and credit of the issuing government. Fiat money has been used by many countries throughout history, including China, India, and most recently, the United States.

The advantages of a fiat currency are that it can be easily produced and exchanged for goods and services. It can also be used to stabilize prices and promote economic growth. The disadvantages of a fiat currency are that it is subject to inflationary pressures and can lose its value if the issuing government experiences financial problems.

Metaverse: The Metaverse is a term coined by science fiction writer Neal Stephenson in his novel Snow Crash. It refers to a parallel universe that exists within the internet and is composed of user-generated content. This content can take the form of virtual worlds, 3D environments, or even 2D websites. The Metaverse is constantly expanding as more and more users contribute their own creations to it.

Non-fungible token (NFT): A non-fungible token (NFT) is a digital asset with unique characteristics that make it impossible to interchangeable with other assets of the same type. NFTs are typically stored on a blockchain, which provides immutability and scarcity.

Stablecoin: A Stablecoin is a digital asset whose value is pegged to that of a real-world asset, such as the US dollar or gold. This makes it much less volatile than other cryptocurrencies, which can see their values fluctuate wildly. As a result, Stablecoins are seen as a more “stable” investment, and are often used by traders as a way to hedge against crypto market volatility. 

Crypto: The Bottom Line

Cryptocurrency is a complex and ever-evolving industry, so it’s important to do your research before investing in any currency. We hope that our beginner’s guide has provided you with the information and tools you need to get started on buying cryptocurrency. Remember to keep safety at the forefront of your mind, remain cautious when researching potential investments, and always put careful thought into each purchase. With these tips, we hope you have a successful journey into trading cryptocurrencies!

Risk Disclaimer

need to rewite There is a very high degree of risk involved in trading securities. With respect to margin-based foreign exchange trading, off-exchange derivatives, and cryptocurrencies, there is considerable exposure to risk, including but not limited to, leverage, creditworthiness, limited regulatory protection and market volatility that may substantially affect the price, or liquidity of a currency or related instrument. It should not be assumed that the methods, techniques, or indicators presented in these products will be profitable, or that they will not result in losses.

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Sources & References

  • 1
    PwC global cryptocurrency regulation report https://www.pwc.com/gx/en/new-ventures/cryptocurrency-assets/pwc-global-crypto-regulation-report-2023.pdf
  • 2
    U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) shut down two ICOs that were found to be violating securities lawshttps://www.sec.gov/news/press-release/2018-264
  • 3
    PwC Global Crypto Regulation https://www.pwc.com/gx/en/new-ventures/cryptocurrency-assets/pwc-global-crypto-regulation-report-2023.pdf
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